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Religious Records Research at the Archives & Library of the Ohio History Connection

Roman Catholic

Roman Catholics, largely from Germany and Ireland, began to arrive in large numbers in Ohio during the early 1800s. The first Catholic communities were established at Gallipolis in 1790, and near Somerset, Ohio in 1818. The first Catholic Church was erected in West Liberty, Logan County, Ohio in 1828. By the 1870s, Cleveland had one of the largest Catholic populations in the United States. Ursuline College was established in nearby Pepper Pike by the Catholic Church in 1871. At the turn of the 20th century, Cincinnati, Columbus, and Toledo also had large Catholic populations.

Below are lists of select archival and library materials related to the Roman Catholic Church, available for research at the Ohio History Connection Archives & Library. Review the catalog links below, or explore our Online Collections Catalog using a specific church name or related search terms for more information [example search terms: "Catholic Church", "Catholic Church -- Ohio", "Catholicism"].

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